This assessment requires you to prepare a literature review focused on the topic of healthy ageing. A literature review “re-views” or looks again at what others have said, done, or found in a particular area of study. The purpose of conducting a literature review is to find out what is currently known (and reported) about a topic or issue. A literature review is not an annotated bibliography ie a summary of each article. It requires analysis (critical appraisal) of each article but this must be followed by synthesis of the information, so as to reveal the current state of knowledge on the topic. The purpose of this written assignment is to enable students to synthesise ideas, themes, controversies and recommendations found in the literature on healthy (or successful) ageing in order to realise understanding of the knowledge and ideas which have been established on this topic. To assist you in the preparation of this assessment you are provided with A case scenario which gives context to the literature review 4 topic areas related to healthy ageing A selection of current, relevant literature for review Guidelines and resources for completing the literature review DETAILED INSTRUCTIONS 1. Read the case scenario provided 2. Choose one of the following four topic areas as the focus of your literature review 1.Social interaction and healthy ageing 2.Gingko biloba, cognition and ageing 3.Physical activity, resistance training and ageing 3.Overweight, weight loss and ageing 3. Access the 4 journal articles listed in the chosen topic area through ACU library. 4. Skim read each article then read in detail 5. Analyse each article You may find it useful to structure your analysis of each article using the Critical Appraisal Tool to which you were introduced in HLS122 Evidence for Practice in year 1. This tool has been provided as a resource – available below Or you may like to use a summary table to assist you with the analysis and synthesis of the information contained in the literature. A summary table lists the characteristics of each article under the same discrete headings, such as “method” and “results”. This can help you to see terns and common elements among the articles being reviewed and also provides structure for the synthesis. A template of a summary table has provided below 6. Synthesise the information about the literature based on your appraisal 7. Write your literature review based on your synthesis of the literature. Write in an essay format – introduction, body, conclusion, reference list. This is provided as a guide only. You are required to present your literature review in an essay format. You are required to use APA referencing style in your essay and to include a reference list at the end of your essay. Introduction Give an outline of: The topic why you are writing the review, why the topic is important the scope of the review — what aspects of the topic will be discussed definitions (if needed) the organisation or structure of the review. Body This is where you will present your summary (synthesis) and evaluation of the literature. Focus on analysis and comparison, not description. Use the information extracted from your analysis/ critical apprasial of each article to present a synthesis of the information. You need to decide on a structure for the presentation of this information – will it be theme-based? Or methodologically-focused? Or outcomes-focused? Remember, you do not want it to simply describe the content of each article. The body may include paragraphs on: historical background – especially any outstanding research, researchers or seminal events related to the topic key themes or concepts in the research findings and/or conclusions relationships or patterns related to the topic which are evident across the various articles areas of agreement and/or disagreement on the topic approaches to research design strengths and weaknesses in the research or the articles Here you may also refer back to the case scenario and consider what the literature review synthesis reveals about the topic which may help the client in the case scenario make decisions about what action to take to promote his own healthy ageing. Conclusion Your conclusion should summarise: the topic and main themes in the literature the main agreements and disagreements in the literature any gaps or areas for further research your overall perspective on the topic Previous: 2. Assessment instructions Given articles for obesity are: